Just Sociology

Breaking Barriers in Therapy: Family Attitudes Time and Accessibility

to Psychotherapy:

Psychotherapy is the practice of treating mental health problems through psychological means, such as talking, rather than medication. According to the National Health Service (NHS) in the UK, psychotherapy is a form of treatment that allows people to talk about their problems and their symptoms.

This talking therapy enables the patient and the therapist to identify the root of the problem, and work together to make changes in their lives. Psychotherapy is becoming more relevant as people become aware of the impact that mental health problems can have on their daily lives.

This article will explore the different types of psychotherapy, and how they work for specific mental health problems. Types of Psychotherapy:

There are several types of psychotherapy, which work in different ways.

Psychoanalysis seeks to explore the unconscious mind of the patient, to identify and understand feelings, thoughts and experiences. Behavioural therapy, on the other hand, focuses on changing the behaviours of a patient.

Cognitive behavioural therapy helps the individual to understand how they think, and how to change their thinking patterns in order to change their behaviour.

Psychotherapy to Treat Schizophrenia:

Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness that affects an individual’s ability to think, feel and behave.

It is often accompanied by delusions, hallucinations and disordered thinking. Medication is often prescribed to patients but is not always effective on its own.

Talking therapy is often used in conjunction with medication. Patients are taught how to manage delusions, depression and paranoia.

The therapist may also incorporate cognitive therapy, which focuses on changing the way that the patient thinks about their illness. Psychotherapy and Bipolar:

Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterised by periods of depression and manic episodes.

Mental health professionals often use psychotherapy to help individuals with bipolar disorder to manage their moods and prevent relapses. Psychotherapy can assist individuals in managing their symptoms of guilt and shame.

It can also help to uncover and treat any underlying issues that might be causing the bipolar disorder. Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing:

Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) is an emerging therapy that can be used to treat people who have experienced traumatic events.

It is a form of psychotherapy that helps individuals to process and understand their traumatic experiences. The therapy consists of a series of eye movements, designed to help the brain process the memories of the traumatic event, therefore reducing symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Effective Psychotherapy:

In order for psychotherapy to be effective, it is essential that the therapist has a patient focus, cultural competence, and understands the patient’s background. As well as this, the availability of therapy is also crucial.

In countries where access to mental healthcare is limited, people are less likely to receive effective psychotherapy. Furthermore, there is the issue of psychiatry and the distinction between psychiatrists, who are medical doctors, and therapists.

What is Psychotherapy:

Psychotherapy is often confused with psychiatry, which is a medical discipline that involves the use of drug treatments to cure mental illness. Psychotherapy, on the other hand, is concerned with helping the individual with mental health problems through talking therapy.

Psychotherapists have typically undergone training as psychologists, rather than as medical professionals. Misconceptions in the Difference Between Psychiatrist and Psychotherapist:

There are several misconceptions when it comes to understanding the difference between a psychiatrist and psychotherapist.

While they work towards the same goal of treating mental health problems, they have distinct differences in how they approach treatment. Psychotherapists focus on talk therapy, whereas psychiatrists have received medical training and can offer drug treatments as well.

The boundaries between the disciplines of psychotherapy and psychiatry are sometimes blurry, with some psychiatrists incorporating talking therapies into their work, while others specialise only in medication management.


Psychotherapy can be an effective form of treatment for mental health problems.

It is important to choose the right type of therapy for individuals, and for therapists to be culturally sensitive and have a patient focus. Better access to psychotherapy globally is needed.

Finally, it is important to recognise that there are differences between psychiatrists and psychotherapists, and to ensure that people understand the distinct differences between these disciplines.Therapy is an essential tool in treating mental health problems, but it can be challenging to get individuals to access it or even participate in it. This article will delve into significant barriers to family attitudes towards therapy, including over-resilience in ethnic minority families and exploring the importance of family therapy in treating mental health issues.

The article will also explore the effectiveness of time in therapy and the importance of therapy accessibility. Over-Resilience in Ethnic Minority Families:

Ethnic minority families are often over-resilient because of historical trauma or cultural values that emphasise resilience.

However, this trait can be harmful. Over-resilience in ethnic minority families can create generational gaps and impact the roles and values within the family.

The interconnectedness of the family, including the respect and values placed on the elderly, can translate into the younger generation not seeking professional help, even when they might need it. Remedying such a problem requires culturally-acceptable interventions that address patient needs without sacrificing family values.

Importance of Family Therapy:

Family therapy is a type of therapy that focuses on the family as a unit. This type of therapy is effective, particularly in treating Schizophrenia.

In Schizophrenia patients, the quality of the relationship between the family and the patient significantly affects treatment outcomes. Schizophrenia patients, according to psychoanalytic theory, often have difficulties connecting with others because of their childhood experiences, and family therapy helps the patient develop a more positive relationship with their family.

Ensuring the patient is at the centre of therapy and their needs catered to can improve their mental wellbeing and improve trust in therapy from their perspective. Effectiveness of Time in Therapy:

The effectiveness of time in therapy is contingent on providing a well-structured and patient-focused environment.

Tailored therapy allows individuals to work through complex issues and emotions at their own pace. This can result in better mental health outcomes than forcing individuals through therapy in a set timeframe.

Having sufficient time in therapy also allows the therapist to develop a better understanding of the patient’s needs and design a treatment plan that works best for them.

Accessibility of Therapy:

The accessibility of therapy is paramount to ensuring people can access and receive effective treatment.

However, in many countries, in-patient services are limited, and psychotherapy availability is often scarce or expensive. These concerns can lead to difficulties accessing these services, creating a barrier to treatment for many people.

A lack of accessible psychiatry services and medication support can also contribute to the difficulty of receiving proper care for mental health problems. Conclusion:

Mental health issues affect everyone, yet the accessibility and the appropriate attitudes towards psychotherapy and psychiatry are still a significant issue for many people.

Over-resilience in ethnic minority families can lead to poor mental health treatment outcomes, highlighting the importance of culturally-acceptable interventions that address ethnic minority patient needs. Family therapy is beneficial in Schizophrenia treatment, and patient-focused and well-structured therapy can contribute to better treatment outcomes.

Finally, improving accessibility to psychiatric and medication support services can further bolster mental health practice globally. By researching these key barriers and finding effective solutions to address them, mental health professionals can continually improve mental health treatment’s effectiveness, accessibility and overall quality for everyone who needs it.


Mental health issues can be complicated, but therapy is a valuable tool in addressing and treating them. This article has explored various factors that affect therapy’s effectiveness, including family attitudes, time, and accessibility.

To improve treatment outcomes, mental health professionals must consider family dynamics, patient focus, and cultural sensitivity in their interventions. Furthermore, increasing access to affordable psychiatric and medication support services is crucial.

Through these improvements, individuals can receive the best possible care, helping them maintain good mental health. FAQs:


What is psychotherapy? Psychotherapy is a form of treatment focused on helping individuals through talking therapy, rather than medication.

2. How can family therapy be beneficial?

Family therapy can be especially helpful in treating mental health issues, particularly in individuals with Schizophrenia as it helps develop positive relationships within the family. 3.

Is there a difference between a psychiatrist and a therapist? Yes, psychiatrists are medical doctors that can prescribe medication to treat mental health issues, while therapists focus on talk therapy.

4. Why is accessibility to therapy important?

The accessibility of therapy is critical in ensuring that everyone has equal access to mental health treatment to reduce overall disparities. 5.

How does time affect therapy? Allowing individuals to work at their own pace in well-structured and patient-focused therapy can improve treatment outcomes.

6. How does cultural sensitivity affect therapy?

Cultural sensitivity is essential in ensuring the efficacy of therapy interventions by considering the patient’s ethnic and cultural background. 7.

What are the challenges to accessing mental health treatment? The challenges include expensive therapy and limited access to psychiatric and medication support services in some countries.

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