Just Sociology

Functions of Crime and Deviance: Exploring Societal Impact and Academic Feedback

The topic of crime and deviance has long been a subject of interest for sociologists. While most of us think of crime and deviance as something that is inherently negative, it is important to understand that these concepts serve a variety of functions in our society.

This article explores the different functions of crime and deviance, including boundary maintenance, social change, safety valves, warnings, and employment creation. In addition, the article will discuss the importance of feedback and marking in academic assessments, including exemplar feedback, mark schemes, and accessibility.

Boundary maintenance

One of the main functions of crime and deviance is to reaffirm shared values and social boundaries. When someone commits a crime or engages in deviant behavior, it highlights what is considered unacceptable within society.

By defining and enforcing these boundaries, society is able to maintain order and stability. For example, when someone commits a crime such as theft, it reinforces the idea that stealing is wrong and should be punished.

This helps to prevent others from engaging in the same behavior.

Deviance brings about social change

While boundary maintenance is important for maintaining the status quo, deviance can also bring about social change. When someone challenges and deviates from accepted norms and values, it can lead to new ideas or institutions.

For instance, the civil rights movement was born out of the deviance of African Americans who refused to accept the status quo of segregation and discrimination. Their deviance from the norms of the time ultimately led to significant social change.

Safety valve

Another function of crime and deviance is to act as a safety valve for society. When people experience frustration, anger, or other negative emotions, they may be motivated to engage in criminal or deviant behavior.

By providing an outlet for these emotions, society is able to divert potentially dangerous motivations. For example, someone who is feeling angry may choose to engage in a violent crime rather than taking out their anger on innocent people.

The criminal justice system provides a way for these individuals to be punished without causing harm to others.

Warning

Crime and deviance can also serve as a warning that something is not right within our society. When people engage in criminal or deviant behavior, it may indicate a need for social reform.

For example, the high levels of gun violence in the United States have been linked to a lack of gun control laws. The prevalence of gun-related crimes serves as a warning that something needs to be done to address this issue.

Employment creation

Finally, crime and deviance can create employment opportunities for people in the criminal justice system, media, and for moral entrepreneurs. The criminal justice system is a large industry that employs police officers, lawyers, judges, and other professionals.

In addition, the media often covers stories related to crime and deviance, creating jobs for journalists, editors, and producers. Finally, moral entrepreneurs, such as politicians or activists, may use crime and deviance to promote their agendas and create employment opportunities for themselves and others.

Exemplar Feedback

Moving on to academic assessments, feedback is essential for helping students improve their performance. One type of feedback that can be particularly helpful is exemplar feedback.

This involves providing an example of what a good response looks like, along with clear explanations of why it is good. Exemplar feedback can help students understand what is expected of them and how they can improve their performance.

Mark Scheme

Another important aspect of academic assessments is the mark scheme. Mark schemes outline the points that will be awarded for each aspect of the assessment.

They should include partial outlining, so students can see what they will be credited for, and relevant material should be credited appropriately. Having a clearly defined mark scheme can help to ensure that assessments are marked consistently and fairly.

Accessibility

Finally, it is important to ensure that assessments are accessible to all students, regardless of their background or circumstances. This means making assessments as meritocratic as possible, so that students are assessed solely on their performance rather than external factors such as family background or race.

In addition, teachers should be organized and ensure that students have access to all the resources they need to succeed.

Conclusion

In conclusion, crime and deviance serve a variety of functions within our society, including boundary maintenance, social change, safety valves, warnings, and employment creation. Similarly, effective feedback and marking in academic assessments are essential for helping students improve their performance.

By understanding these concepts and their importance, we can work towards creating a more just and stable society. In conclusion, this article has explored the multifaceted functions of crime and deviance, including their roles in maintaining boundary, promoting social change, acting as a safety valve, providing a warning, and creating employment.

Additionally, we examined the importance of feedback and marking in academic assessments, including exemplar feedback, the mark scheme, and accessibility. By understanding these concepts and their significance, we can better appreciate their impact on our society and education system.

FAQs:

1. What is the main function of crime and deviance in society?

A: The main function of crime and deviance is to maintain social boundaries and reaffirm shared values. 2.

How can deviance bring about social change?

A: Deviance can challenge accepted norms and values, leading to new ideas or institutions.

3. What is exemplar feedback?

A: Exemplar feedback is providing an example of a good response, along with clear explanations of why it is good.

4.

What is a mark scheme and why is it important?

A: A mark scheme is an outline of the points that will be awarded for each aspect of an assessment.

It is important for ensuring that assessments are marked consistently and fairly.

5.

What does it mean for an assessment to be accessible?

A: An assessment should be meritocratic, so that students are assessed solely on their performance rather than external factors such as family background or race.

Teachers should ensure that students have access to all the resources they need to succeed.

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