Just Sociology

The Impact of Unfair Trade and EU Policies on Agriculture Worldwide

International trade policies and agricultural production are two critical areas that have a significant impact on the global economy. However, despite their importance, these areas have many complex theories and practices that can be challenging to understand.

In this article, we will discuss the impact of international trade policies on small farmers in Africa and industrial farmers in Europe. We will also examine the comparison of wheat production in Germany and Senegal, and the impact of EU exports on local markets.

International Trade Policies

Disadvantages for Small Farmers in Africa

Africa’s local farmers face several challenges related to international trade policies, such as the EU subsidies provided to industrial farmers in Europe. These subsidies allow them to produce food cheaper and in larger quantities, which means there is less demand for the locally produced products.

Additionally, subsidies promote the overproduction of some products, leading to lower prices, which can further hurt local farmers.

Another disadvantage for local farmers in Africa is the global trade system, which often favors larger and more powerful economies.

This means that the terms of trade are not always fair, and small farmers may be left behind by large corporations. The result is that local farmers in Africa have difficulty competing with lower-cost goods from other countries.

Ultimately, this can lead to a loss of income for the small farmers and, in extreme cases, push them out of agriculture and into urban areas.

Advantages for Industrial Farmers in Europe

On the other hand, industrial farmers in Europe benefit significantly from international trade policies. Thanks to global trade agreements, they can sell their products to a larger market, at better prices, and with fewer trade barriers.

Also, industrial farmers in Europe have access to the latest technology, which enables them to increase production efficiencies and meet the growing demand for food globally.

Another significant advantage that industrial farmers enjoy in Europe is their market power.

Industrial farmers can leverage this power to negotiate better trade deals and secure favorable terms of trade. As a result, they can price their goods competitively and benefit from preferential treatment over local producers in other countries.

Agricultural Production

Comparison of Wheat Production in Germany and Senegal

In terms of agricultural production, wheat is a crucial crop in Germany, while Senegal’s staple food is cassava. Germany’s wheat production is highly industrialized, utilizing large machinery, and controlled by a few large-scale industrial farmers.

Due to this approach, they can produce an enormous quantity of wheat at lower prices, which makes them competitive globally.

However, in Senegal, a majority of the population relies on cassava as their main source of food, which is produced by small-scale farmers who lack access to modern farming techniques.

As a result, the productivity of cassava in Senegal is low, leading to lower supply and higher prices.

Impact on Local Markets

The global trade system has a profound impact on agricultural production and local markets worldwide. For instance, the EU exports several agricultural products to African countries, including millet, a key staple food in African households.

EU exports of millet to African countries can significantly impact local markets, leading to lower prices for local co-operatives and small farmers. This may affect their ability to compete with these goods, earn a sustainable income, and invest in economic development.


International trade policies and agricultural production are important areas that require a deeper understanding of complex theories and practices. This article discussed the disadvantages faced by small farmers in Africa due to EU subsidies provided to industrial farmers in Europe and the advantages enjoyed by industrial farmers.

Additionally, we compared wheat production in Germany and cassava production in Senegal, highlighting the differences in production techniques and productivity. Finally, we examined the impact of EU exports on local markets, specifically the effect on local co-operatives and small farmers.

While these topics are complex, they affect the daily lives of us all and are essential to the future of the global economy.International trade policies and their consequences have been the subject of intense debate over the years. Some experts argue that unfair trade practices can lead to negative outcomes such as increased migration patterns, lower yields, and decreased economic protection.

Additionally, some criticize the European Union’s (EU) trade policies, citing trade barriers and lack of transparency as key issues. In this expansion, we will focus on the consequences of unfair trade and examine the EU’s trade policies in more detail.

Consequences of Unfair Trade

Migratory Patterns

One significant consequence of unfair trade practices is increased migratory patterns. Migratory patterns occur when people leave their homes in search of better economic opportunities, typically as a direct result of limited access to resources in their home communities.

These patterns are often seen in agricultural communities where local farmers are unable to compete with other countries due to subsidies and other unfair trade practices that make the cost of their goods much higher than international prices.

EU policies that support trade liberalization and globalization make it easy for large corporations to take advantage of these subsidies and produce goods much more cheaply than local farmers.

This situation gives farmers few alternatives but to migrate to other areas in search of better jobs and economic opportunities. The ultimate result is that the agricultural sector of the local economy declines, making it impossible for small farmers to remain in the industry.

Feasibility of Self-Sustenance

Unfair trade practices also make it difficult for farmers to achieve self-sustenance. For instance, in Africa, local co-operatives and small farmers struggle to maintain high yields due to the lack of access to higher yield crops.

Additionally, the low-value commodity crops such as Millet are considered a traditional product, which has far lower value than other crops like cattle, leading these farmers to have lower income. This low yield makes it challenging for small farmers and co-operatives to sell their products since they cannot compete effectively with industrial farmers in Europe who employ cutting-edge technology and production techniques.

As trade policies increasingly prioritize support for large corporations, small farmers, and local co-operatives who rely on these crops, suffer from the consequences. Ultimately, farmers who have limited access to newer and higher-yielding crops, will continue to be dependent on less profitable crops, which limits their economic growth prospects in the long run.

European Union Trade Policies

Trade Barriers

The EU’s trade policies and practices can also have negative consequences on small farmers and local co-operatives in other areas. The EU is actively involved in providing aid money to countries in need, but their policies often come with strict trade barriers.

For example, EU aid money provided to African governments must be used to address specific development programs, which include conditions for reducing trade barriers such as opening ports to EU exports. This action effectively locks out many African countries from exporting, and it severely impacts the livelihoods of small farmers and co-operatives.

Furthermore, the trade agreements signed between the EU and African countries are often characterized by blatant asymmetry. The EU negotiates fiercely to protect its interests, and as a result, they get easily fulfilled within these agreements, leaving the African countries only with promises regarding new economic opportunities.

This situation leaves African countries with no actual gain, receiving aid money with trade policies that make exporting painfully impossible.

Lack of Transparency

The EU also has a considerable share of responsibility for the lack of transparency in international trade. A core focus of EU agriculture policies is to enlarge the market for agricultural products, requiring the EU to export agricultural products to other countries.

However, the exportation is sometimes made to countries with weak governance institutions, leaving doubts and a lack of transparency regarding the operation. For instance, the EU has exported milk to North African countries such as Egypt, which has the potential of destroying the livelihoods of Egyptian dairy farmers.

Moreover, the EU has committed to addressing social and environmental concerns, and for that, they are expected to focus on sustainable development goals. However, the EU has continued to subsidize agribusiness corporations and large-scale farmers, which significantly undermines their accountability in practice.


In conclusion, our expanded article has provided valuable insights into the consequences of unfair trade practices and examined the EU’s trade policies in more detail. We have explored the link between the EU’s trade policies and increased migration, discussed the feasibility of self-sustenance for small farmers, and examined trade barriers and lack of transparency in detail.

Overall, the article has demonstrated the intricate and complex nature of international trade and its impact on agriculture, while calling for greater accountability and transparency in trade policies worldwide.


In conclusion, this article has examined some of the most critical issues surrounding international trade policies and agricultural production. We have explored the impact of unfair trade practices on small farmers in Africa and industrial farmers in Europe, compared wheat production in Germany and cassava production in Senegal, and examined the consequences of EU exports on local markets.

Furthermore, we have discussed the consequences of unfair trade practices, including increased migration and difficulties in achieving self-sustenance, and scrutinized the EU’s trade policies, focusing on trade barriers and lack of transparency. As such, we call for accountability and transparency in international trade policies and practices to ensure sustainable and equitable agricultural production and economic growth worldwide.


1. What are EU subsidies, and how do they affect local farmers in Africa?

– EU subsidies are financial payments provided by the EU to industrial farmers in Europe, allowing them to produce food cheaper and in larger quantities than local farmers in Africa. This practice creates an imbalanced trade structure and makes it difficult for local farmers to compete effectively.

2. Can local co-operatives and small farmers in Africa access modern farming technology?

– Unfortunately, access to modern farming technology like higher yield crops is a challenge for local co-operatives and small farmers in Africa. This situation hampers their productivity, and they cannot compete with larger industrial farmers in Europe.

3. What is trade liberalization, and how does it impact small farmers?

– Trade liberalization is a policy that encourages free trade agreements and reduces trade barriers. The policy has negative impacts on locally-based small farmers because it prioritizes large corporations and exacerbates economic and structural inequality.

4. What is the effect of EU aid money on African countries?

– The EU provides aid money to African countries to help them address specific development programs, which include conditions for opening ports to EU exports. These aid conditions often hinder African countries from exporting, and contribute to the decline of local co-operatives and small farmers.

5. What is the EU’s approach to sustainable development, and does it align with its agricultural policies?

– The EU supports sustainable development goals, however, the alignment of its agricultural policies with these goals is questionable. The EU continues to subsidize agribusiness corporations and large-scale farmers, which undermines their accountability in practice.

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