Just Sociology

Uncovering the Validity & Flaws of Exam Systems: A Comprehensive Analysis

The year 2020 has been challenging for many students and graduates, as the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted traditional educational and employment systems. With the sudden shift to remote learning and cancellation of exams, there has been much debate on how to evaluate student performance fairly.

Additionally, graduates are entering a recovering economy, uncertain of their job prospects. This article will discuss two complex theories that relate to these issues:

Exam Results and Moderation, and

Graduating into a Recovering Economy.

Exam Results and Moderation

The pandemic caused a shift from traditional exams to teacher predictions and subsequently, moderation. However, the grading system has come under scrutiny, with calls for more transparency in the decision-making process.

Teacher Predictions, Moderation, Exam Boards

Teacher predictions are subjective and are based on a range of factors such as student performance in class, homework, and mock exams. The introduction of moderation aimed to ensure that students received fair results, but the results based on pure moderation have been criticized for lacking transparency.

The responsibility of grading students should not solely rest with the exam boards, as they do not have first-hand experience of student performance. Therefore, a combination of teacher predictions and moderated grades would be beneficial for students.

Impact on Previous Year’s Students

The results based on moderation were detrimental to the previous year’s students. Many students believed they had been unfairly downgraded, leading to a decline in their academic performance, lower employment prospects, and had to take gap years.

Teachers also had their grades marked down, calling the decision ‘baffling’ and ‘unfair’. The consequences of unjust political interference cannot be underestimated.

Harm to Students, Unjust Political Interference, Contracted Employment

To mitigate some of the damage caused by the grading system, many universities had to lower their entry requirements, creating uncertainty for prospective students. The chaotic handling of the grading system violated student and teacher rights and showed the dangers of unregulated contracting of employment arrangements.

Students should be recognized for their potential and not short-changed by grading systems that are more focused on standardizing results than on highlighting individual potential.

Graduating into a Recovering Economy

This year’s graduating students are graduating into an uncertain and recovering economy. With the pandemic causing disruptions in both education and job markets, many graduates are worrying about their future job prospects.

FE/HE Education, Economic Recovery, Employment Prospects

Further and higher education institutions are tasked with teaching graduates the necessary knowledge and skills to enter the workforce. The economic recovery is essential for graduates to gain employment, but the pandemic has created an uncertain environment.

The result is that graduates are not sufficiently prepared for employment to match the uncertain economic climate, causing a mismatch between their education and the labor market. Future of Previous Year’s Graduates

Previous years’ graduates have also been affected by the pandemic, with reports showing that the pandemic has resulted in a longer period of unemployment on their CVs. The current state of the labor market has made it increasingly difficult for graduates to gain employment, causing graduates to take jobs below their qualification level, lowering their long-term employment prospects.

Worse Track Record, Longer Period of Unemployment on CVs

Graduates are faced with an uncertain economic environment, facing tougher competition and fewer job opportunities. Graduates are also weighing the impact of their career on their future, questioning whether they should follow their passions or choose industries that guarantee employment.


In conclusion, the COVID-19 pandemic has challenged existing educational and employment systems, leaving many students and graduates uncertain of their future. The grading system should be balanced with teacher predictions and moderated results to ensure that students receive fair results.

Further and higher education institutions need to adapt to the current economic uncertainty and incorporate a focus on teaching skills that can help graduates navigate the economic recovery. Graduates need to take advantage of opportunities and possibilities in their quest for jobs and think creatively, as self-employment or working for decentralized firms may offer new opportunities.

The future can be bright for graduates with a little creativity, effort, and resilience.In recent years, the credibility and validity of exam systems have been questioned, with calls for reforms to ensure fairness and accuracy. The pandemic has only exacerbated the existing flaws, leading to the cancellation of traditional exams and a shift towards teacher predictions and moderation.

In this article expansion, we will explore the validity of exam systems by examining the role of exam moderating authorities and teacher predictions. Additionally, we will discuss the flaws in the current exam systems, such as the spike year, competitive education system, and teachers over-predicting.

Exam Moderating Authorities Vs. Teacher Predictions

The grading of exams is a complex and multi-layered process involving various stakeholders. Exam moderating authorities have the responsibility of verifying and standardizing student results to ensure fairness and accuracy.

On the other hand, teacher predictions are subjective and can vary depending on factors such as student performance in class, homework, and mock exams.


Exam moderating authorities carry the responsibility of ensuring that grades are consistent and standardized to be a valid reflection of a student’s performance. The transparency of this process and communication with relevant stakeholders is essential.

Ensuring that the process is fair and credible is key to maintaining the confidence of students, parents, and educators in the exam system.

Gradual Increase in Results

Exams are an important tool in assessing students’ knowledge and skills, and the results achieved determine students’ pathways in life. However, some argue that exam systems have become easier, evidenced by the gradual increase in results over time.

This outcome can be attributed to the shifting focus of exams to support student success instead of challenging them. Moderating authorities must ensure that exam standards remain consistent while still allowing students to perform to the best of their abilities.


Teacher predictions are subjective, and the accuracy of the predictions can be a point of debate. Predictions based on factors such as students’ engagement in class and mock exam results may not provide enough information to make a reliable judgment.

As a result, these predictions can be unreliable and may not accurately represent students’ performance in exams, necessitating the need for moderation to ensure fairness.

Flaws in Exam Systems

The spike year, competitive education systems, and teachers over-predicting are some of the flaws that have been identified in the exam systems. These flaws have a significant impact on students’ education and lives, leading to disparities and inequalities.

Spike Year

The spike year refers to the phenomenon where more students attain high grades in a particular year than in previous years. This outcome can be attributed to several factors, such as changes in the exam systems or teaching practices.

The spike year can create disparities where students in that particular year perform better than others in subsequent years, leading to unequal opportunities and outcomes.

Competitive Education System

The current education system is highly competitive, with the focus on attaining high grades and gaining admission to top universities. This emphasis on grades above all else can lead to students adopting short cuts or resorting to cheating to attain the desired results.

The pressure can also have harmful effects on students’ mental health and can lead to a focus on grades ahead of learning.

Teachers Over-Predicting

In an attempt to support their students’ success, teachers may over-predict their students’ performance in exams. This outcome can create disparities and inequalities where students predicted to attain high grades are awarded lower ones, leading to a reduction in opportunities and outcomes.


The validity of exam systems has been a topic of debate in recent years, with calls for reforms to ensure fairness and accuracy. Exam moderating authorities are essential in verifying and standardizing grades to ensure consistency and credibility.

While teacher predictions have their place in supporting students, they can be unreliable, making moderation necessary to ensure fairness. Exam systems have several flaws, such as the spike year, competitive education systems, and teachers over-predicting that may lead to disparities and inequalities.

Exam systems need to be reformed to ensure they support student success and are fair and reflect student performance accurately. In conclusion, this article has highlighted two complex theories,

Exam Results and Moderation, and

Graduating into a Recovering Economy, and provided an expansion on the Validity of Exam Systems.

These topics have been discussed in detail, providing insights into the current issues faced by students and graduates. It has become evident that reforms must be implemented to ensure transparency, fairness, and accuracy in grading systems and to support students in preparing for job markets.

With the global pandemic, students and graduates must be dedicated to thinking creatively and becoming resilient in their job searches. We must adapt to the times and strive for excellence through adversity.


1. What are the flaws in the current exam system?

Ans: The flaws in the current exam systems include the spike year, competitive education system, and teachers over-predicting which may lead to disparities and inequalities. 2.

How can students prepare for a recovering economy? Ans: Students can prepare for a recovering economy by focusing on the development of necessary knowledge and skills required for job markets and thinking creatively while searching for jobs.

3. How can we ensure fairness in the grading system?

Ans: The grading system can ensure fairness by a combination of teacher predictions and moderated grades where transparency and communication among stakeholders are essential. 4.

How has the global pandemic impacted the education system? Ans: The pandemic has disrupted traditional education systems, leading to the cancellation of exams and a shift towards teacher predictions and moderation.

5. What is the role of exam moderating authorities?

Ans: Exam moderating authorities verify and standardize student results to ensure fairness and consistency in the grading process.

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